Bibliography

These papers and articles, written by members of the IPI research staff on a variety of permanence issues, are arranged roughly according to topic. Although some might appropriately fit within more than one category, each is listed only once, in descending chronological order.

An asterisk (*) indicates that the document can be opened in PDF format.

Environmental Assessment

Patricia A. Ford, IPI’s Guide to Sustainable Preservation Practices for Managing Storage Environments (Rochester, NY: Image Permanence Institute, Rochester Institute of Technology, 2012).

Reilly, J. M., “IPI's Climate Notebook Software for Environmental Analysis,” Archiving 2005, April 26-29, Washington, DC, Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2005, pp. 67-72.

Film: Stability and Storage Issues

Bigourdan, J.-L., “Stability of Acetate Film Base: Accelerated-Aging Data Revisited,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol. 50, No. 5, September/October, 2006, pp. 494-501.

Bigourdan, J.-L., “Stability of Acetate Film Base: Accelerated-Aging Data Revisited,” Archiving 2005, April 26-29, Washington, DC, Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2005, pp. 60-66.

Bigourdan, J.-L., “Determining Suitable Storage Environments for Mixed Media Collections: The IPI Media Storage Quick Reference,” JTS 2004, Proceedings, Joint Technical Symposium, Preserving the Audio Visual Heritage—Transition and Access,Toronto, Canada, June 24-25, 2004.

Bigourdan, J.-L., “From the Nitrate Experience to New Film Preservation Strategies,” This Film Is Dangerous, R. Smither, ed., C. A. Surowiec, assoc. ed., Paris: International Federation of Film Archives (FIAF), 2002, pp. 52-73.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, and F. G. Emmings, “Stability of Photographic Film: Part IV--Long-Term Aging Studies,” SMPTE Journal, April 2002, pp. 136-143.

Bigourdan, J.-L., “ Film Storage Studies—Recent Findings,” Preserve—Then Show, 60th Anniversary Seminar of the Danish Film Institute/Film Archive, Copenhagen, November 11-13, 2001.

Bigourdan, J.-L. “Preservation of Acetate Base Motion-Picture Film: From Stability Studies to Film Preservation in Practice,” The Vinegar Syndrome: A Handbook, Prevention, Remedies and the Use of New Technologies, (Bologna: The GAMMA Group, 2000) pp. 11-44.

* Bigourdan, J.-L., “Vinegar Syndrome: An Action Plan,” The Vinegar Syndrome: A Handbook, Prevention, Remedies and the Use of New Technologies, (Bologna: The GAMMA Group, 2000) pp. 45-59. (Open PDF file)

* Bigourdan, J.-L., and J. M. Reilly, “Effectiveness of Storage Conditions in Controlling the Vinegar Syndrome: Preservation Strategies for Acetate Base Motion-Picture Film Collections,” Image and Sound Archiving and Access: the Challenges of the 3rd Millenium, proceedings of the Joint Technical Symposium Paris 2000, M. Aubert and R. Billeaud, eds., (Paris: CNC, May 2000) pp. 14-34. (Open PDF file)

Adelstein, P. Z., “The Preservation of Photographic Film,” Care of Photographic Moving Image & Sound Collections, Conference Papers, July 20th-24th, 1998, York, England, (Worcestershire, UK: Institute of Paper Conservation, 1999) pp. 13-18.

Bigourdan, J.-L., and J. M. Reilly, "Preservation Strategy for Acetate Film Collections Based on Environmental Assessment and Condition Survey," Care of Photographic Moving Image & Sound Collections, Conference Papers, July 20th-24th, 1998, York, England, (Worcestershire, UK: Institute of Paper Conservation, 1999) pp. 28-37.

* Bigourdan, J.-L., P. Z. Adelstein, and J. M. Reilly, "Use of Microenvironments for the Preservation of Cellulose Triacetate Photographic Film," Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol. 42, No. 2, March/April 1998, pp. 155-162. (Open PDF file)

Adelstein, P. Z., J.-L. Bigourdan, and J. M. Reilly, "Moisture Relationships of Photographic Film," Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 36, Fall/Winter 1997, pp. 193-206.

Bigourdan, J.-L., and J. M. Reilly, Environment and Enclosures in Film Preservation, Final Report to the Office of Preservation, National Endowment for the Humanities, Grant # PS 20802-94, (Rochester, NY: Image Permanence Institute, Rochester Institute of Technology, September 15, 1997).

Bigourdan, J.-L., P. Z. Adelstein, and J. M. Reilly, "Effect of Paper Alkaline Reserve on the Chemical Stability of Acetate Base Sheet Film," Topics in Photographic Preservation, Vol. 7, compiled by R. E. Siegel, (Washington, DC: American Institute for Conservation, Photographic Materials Group, 1997) pp. 43-54.

* Bigourdan, J.-L., P. Z. Adelstein, and J. M. Reilly, "Moisture and Temperature Equilibration: Behavior and Practical Significance in Photographic Film Preservation," La Conservation: Une Science en Evolution, Bilans et Perspectives, Actes des Troisiemes Journées Internationales d'Etudes de l'ARSAG, Paris, 21 au 25 Avril 1997, (Paris: Association pour la recherche scientifique sur les arts graphiques, 1997) pp. 154-164.(Open PDF file)

Bigourdan, J.-L., P. Z. Adelstein, and J. M. Reilly, "Acetic Acid and Paper Alkaline Reserve: Assessment of a Practical Situation in Film Preservation," ICOM Committee for Conservation11th Triennial Meeting, Edinburgh, Sept. 1-6, 1996, Preprint Vol. II, (London: James and James (Science Publishers), Ltd., 1996) pp. 573-579.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, D. W. Nishimura, C. J. Erbland, and J.-L. Bigourdan, "Stability of Cellulose Ester Base Photographic Film: Part V - Recent Findings," SMPTE Journal, July 1995, pp. 439-447.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, D. W. Nishimura, and C. J. Erbland, "Stability of Cellulose Ester Base Photographic Film: Part IV--Behavior of Nitrate Base Film," SMPTE Journal, June 1995, Vol. 104, No. 6, pp. 359-369.

Nishimura, D. W., "The Practical Presentation of Research Studies on Film Stability," Research Techniques in Photographic Conservation, proceedings of the Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, May 14-19, 1995, (Copenhagen: the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, 1996) pp. 85-91.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, D. W. Nishimura, and C. J. Erbland, "Stability of Cellulose Ester Base Photographic Film: Part III--Measurement of Film Degradation," SMPTE Journal, Vol. 104, No. 5, May 1995, pp. 281-291.

Fischer, M. C., and J. M. Reilly, "Use of Passive Monitors in Film Collections," Topics in Photographic Preservation, Vol. 6, compiled by R. E. Siegel, (Washington, DC: American Institute for Conservation, Photographic Materials Group, 1995).

Nishimura, D. W., "Film Supports: Negatives, Transparencies, Microforms, and Motion Picture Films,"Storage of Natural History Collections: A Preventive Conservation Approach, C. L. Rose, C. A. Hawks, and H. H. Genoways, eds., (Iowa City: Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, 1995) pp. 365-394.

Nishimura, D. W., "The IPI Storage Guide for Acetate Film," Topics in Photographic Preservation, Vol. 5, compiled by R. E. Siegel, (Washington, DC: American Institute for Conservation, Photographic Materials Group, 1993) pp. 123-137.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, D. W. Nishimura, and C. J. Erbland, "Stability of Cellulose Ester Base Photographic Film: Part I--Laboratory Testing Procedures," SMPTE Journal, May 1992, 336-346.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, D. W. Nishimura, and C. J. Erbland, "Stability of Cellulose Ester Base Photographic Film: Part II—Practical Storage Considerations," SMPTE Journal, May 1992, pp. 347-353.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, D. W. Nishimura, and C. J. Erbland, "Recent Findings on Acetate Film Stability," Sauvegarde et Conservation des Photographies, Dessins, Imprimés et Manuscrits. Actes des journées internationales d'études de l'ARSAG, Paris 30 Sept.-4 Oct. 1991, (Paris: Association pour la recherche scientifique sur les arts graphiques, 1991) pp. 78-90.

Adelstein, P. Z., "History and Properties of Film Supports," Proceedings of Conservation in Archives, International Symposium, Ottawa, Canada, May 10-12, 1988, 1989, pp. 89-102.

Adelstein, P. Z. "From Metal to Polyester: History of Picture-Taking Supports," Pioneers of Photography, Chapter 4, (Springfield, VA: The Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 1987) pp. 30-36.

Microfilm

Reilly, J. M., P. Z. Adelstein, D. W. Nishimura, and K. M. Cupriks, "Protection of Microform Images Against Oxidation," Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol. 38, No. 4, July/August 1994, pp. 326-332.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, and K. M. Cupriks,"Protection of Microform Images Against Oxidation,"Environnement et Conservation de l'Écrit, de l'Image et du Son: Actes des Deuxièmes Journées Internationales d'Etudes de l'ARSAG, 16 au 20 Mai 1994 (Environment and Conservation of Writing, Images, and Sound: Proceedings of ARSAG's Second International Study Days, May 16-20, 1994) (Paris: Association pour la recherche scientifique sur les arts graphiques, 1994) pp. 31-38.

Adelstein, P. Z.,"Chemical Treating Microfilm: When, Why, and With What," Inform, October 1992, pp. 6, 8.

Adelstein, P. Z., "The Latest Word on Storage Conditions," Inform, Vol. 5, No. 9, October 1991, pp. 6-7.

Adelstein, P. Z., "The Latest Word on 'Archival'," Inform, September 1991, pp. 10, 12.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, D. W. Nishimura, and K. M. Cupriks, "Hydrogen Peroxide Test to Evaluate Redox Blemish Formation on Processed Microfilm," Journal of Imaging Technology, Vol. 17, No. 3, June/July 1991, pp. 91-98.

Reilly, J. M., D. W. Nishimura, K. M. Cupriks, and P. Z. Adelstein, "Polysulfide Treatment for Microfilm,"Journal of Imaging Technology, Vol. 17, No. 3, June/July 1991, pp. 99-107.

Reilly, J. M., D. W. Nishimura, K. M. Cupriks, and P. Z. Adelstein, "Stability of Black-and-White Photographic Images, with Special Reference to Microfilm," Proceedings of Conservation in Archives, International Symposium, Ottawa, Canada, May 10-12, 1988, pp. 117-127also in Abbey Newsletter, Vol. 12, No. 5, July 1988, pp. 83-88 and Microform Review, Vol. 17, No. 5, December 1988, pp. 270-278.

Reilly, J. M., D. W. Nishimura, K. M. Cupriks, and P. Z. Adelstein, "When Clouds Obscure Silver Film's Lining," Inform, Vol. 2, No. 8, Sept. 1988, pp. 16-38.

Permanence of Recording Materials, General

* Bigourdan, J.-L., and J. M. Reilly, "Effects of Fluctuating Environments on Paper Materials—Stability and Practical Significance for Preservation," La Conservation à l'Ère du Numérique, Actes des Quatrièmes Journées Internationales d'Études de l'ARSAG, Paris, 27-30 Mai 2002, (Paris: Association pour la Recherche Scientifique sur les Arts Graphiques, 2002) pp. 180-192. (Open PDF file)

Nishimura, D. W., "Report on the Chemical Treatment of Photographic Materials," Topics in Photographic Preservation, Vol. 9, compiled by S. S. Wagner, (Washington, DC: American Institute for Conservation, Photographic Materials Group, 2001) pp. 1-43.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Videotape Storage," Playback: A Preservation Primer for Video, S. J. Fifer, et al., eds., (San Francisco: Bay Area Video Coalition, 1998) pp. 11-17.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Physical Properties of Imaging Materials," Handbook of Photographic Science and Engineering, 2nd edition, Section 11, C. N. Proudfoot, ed., (Springfield, VA: The Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 1997) pp. 365-384.

Adelstein, P. Z., "The Ultra Long-Term Preservation of Recorded Information," Proceedings of International Workshop on Ultra-Long-Term Cryogenic Preservation Network of Biological and Environmental Specimens, T. Shibata and T. Etoh, eds., (Osaka, Japan: Senri Life Science Center, 1997) pp. 287-298.

Nishimura, D. W., "Storage of Polaroid Black-and-White Photographs," Storage of Natural History Collections: Ideas and Practical Solutions, C. L. Rose, and A. R. Torres, eds., (Pittsburgh: Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, 1992) pp. 275-276.

Digital

Adelstein, P. Z., "Permanence of Digital Information," Access to Information Preservation Issues,Proceedings of XXXIV International Conference of the Round Table on Archives (Citra-1999), (Budapest: International Council on Archives, 1999) pp. 149-159.

Pollution

Adelstein, P. Z., E. Zinn, and J. M. Reilly, “Effect of Atmospheric Pollution on Paper Stability,” Journal of Pulp and Paper Science, Vol. 29, No. 1, January 2003, pp. 21-28.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, and E. Zinn,"Pollution Chambers for Paper Evaluation," TAPPI Proceedings of Pulp/Process and Product Quality Conference, Boston, MA, Nov. 5-9, 2000.

Zinn, E., J. M. Reilly, P. Z. Adelstein, and D. W. Nishimura, "Air Pollution Effects on Library Microforms,"Preventive Conservation Practice, Theory and Research, preprint of the contributions to the Ottawa Congress, September 12-16, 1994, A. Roy and P. Smith, eds., (London: The International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 1994), pp. 195-201.

Zinn, E., J. M. Reilly, P. Z. Adelstein, and D. W. Nishimura, "Preservation of Colour Photographs: The Danger of Atmospheric Oxidants in the Storage Environment," Environnement et Conservation de l'Écrit, de l'Image et du Son: Actes des Deuxièmes Journées Internationales d'Études de l'ARSAG, 16 au 20 Mai 1994 (Environment and Conservation of Writing, Images, and Sound: Proceedings of ARSAG's Second International Study Days, May 16-20, 1994) (Paris: Association pour la recherche scientifique sur les arts graphiques, 1994) pp. 25-30.

Optical Disks

Adelstein, P. Z., "The Stability of Optical Disks," The Commission on Preservation and Access Newsletter, No. 58, July 1993, pp. 3-4.

Testing

Reilly, J. M., "Accelerated Aging Tests," Research Techniques in Photographic Conservation, proceedings of the Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, May 14-19, 1995. (Copenhagen: the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, 1996) pp. 77-84.

Nishimura, D. W., J. M. Reilly, and P. Z. Adelstein, "Improvements to the Photographic Activity Test in ANSI Standard IT9.2," Journal of Imaging Technology, Vol. 17, No. 6, December 1991, pp. 245-251.

Enclosures

Burge, D. M., J. M. Reilly, and D. W. Nishimura. “Effects of Enclosure Papers and Paperboards Containing Lignins on Photographic Image Stability,” Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, Vol. 41 (2002), pp. 279-290.

Reilly, J. M., D. W. Nishimura, L. Pavao, and P. Z. Adelstein, "Photograph Enclosures: Research and Specifications," Restaurator, Vol. 10, No. 3-4, 1989, pp. 102-111.

Reilly, J. M., D. W. Nishimura, L. Pavao, and P. Z. Adelstein, "Photo Enclosures Research and Specifications," Topics in Photographic Preservation, Vol. 3, compiled by R. E. Siegel, (Washington, DC: American Institute for Conservation, Photographic Materials Group, 1989) pp. 1-8.

Standards

Adelstein, P. Z., "Update on Standards for Information Preservation," Image and Sound Archiving and Access: The Challenges of the 3rd Millennium, proceedings of the Joint Technical Symposium, Paris, 2000 (Paris: CNC, May 2000), pp. 128-136.

Adelstein, P. Z., "The Why, How, What and Where of Image Permanence Standards," Journal of the Society of Archivists, April 1999, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 41-47.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Standards for Digital Media," publication from workshop by Canadian Association for Conservation of Cultural Property and Association of Canadian Archivists, Ottawa, June 2-3, 1997 (Ottawa: Association of Canadian Archivists, 1997) pp. 19-34.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Standards Preservation of Electronic Imaging," Proceedings International Conference on Conservation and Restoration of Archival and Library Materials, Erice, April 22-29, 1996, (Rome: Istituto Centrale per la Patologia del Libro, 1996) pp. 789-801.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Standards Update," The IS&T Reporter, Vol. 11, No. 1, March 1996, p. 11.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Standards on the Permanence of Recording Materials," Standards for Electronic Imaging Technologies, Devices, and Systems, proceedings of a conference held February 1-2, 1996, San Jose, CA, M. C. Nier, ed., (Bellingham, WA: SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering, 1996) Vol. CR61, pp. 155-175.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Standards on the Permanence of Imaging Materials," Research Techniques in Photographic Conservation, proceedings of the Conference in Copenhagen, May 14-19, 1995. (Copenhagen: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, 1996) pp. 51-58.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M. Reilly, and D. W. Nishimura,"Recent Changes in Recommended Storage of Photographic Film," Environnement et Conservation de l'Écrit, de l'Image et du Son: Actes des Deuxièmes Journées Internationales d'Etudes de l'ARSAG, 16 au 20 Mai 1994 (Environment and Conservation of Writing, Images, and Sound: Proceedings of ARSAG's Second International Study Days, May 16-20, 1994)(Paris: Association pour la recherche scientifique sur les arts graphiques, 1994) pp. 109-113.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Standards (Photographic)," The Focal Encyclopedia of Photography, 3rd edition, L. Stroebel and R. Zakia, eds., (London: Focal Press, 1993) pp. 751-754.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Status of Permanence Standards of Imaging Materials," Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol. 36, No. 1, January/February 1992, pp. 37-41.

Adelstein, P. Z., "International Standards on Permanence of Imaging Materials," Sauvegarde et Conservation des Photographies, Dessins, Imprimés et Manuscrits, Actes des journées internationales d'études de l'ARSAG, Paris 30 Sept.-4 Oct. 1991, (Paris: Association pour la recherche scientifique sur les arts graphiques, 1991) pp. 21-28.

Adelstein, P. Z. and W. D. Storm, "Standardization Efforts for the Preservation of Electronic Imagery,"Standards for Electronic Imaging Systems, proceedings of a conference held February 28-March 1, 1991, San Jose, CA, M. Nier and M. Courtot, eds., (Bellingham, WA: The International Society for Optical Engineering, 1991) Vol. CR37, pp. 159-179.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Status of Permanence Standards of Imaging Materials," Archiving the Audio-Visual Heritage, Third Joint Technical Symposium, May 3-5, 1990, Ottawa, Canada, (Paris: UNESCO, 1992) pp. 113-123.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Standards Update: The Latest Word on Microfilm," Inform, Vol. 3, No. 5, May 1989, pp. 16, 46.

Adelstein, P. Z., "Standards Update: Residual Hypo Limits for Microfilm," Inform, March 1987, pp. 8, 10.

Consumer photo Preservation

Hanna, J. and D. M. Burge, “Preservation in the Digital Age,” Scrapbook Retailer, Vol. 5, June/July 2006, pp. 147-150.

Hanna, J. and D. M. Burge, “Preservation Q&A,” Scrapbook Retailer, Vol. 4, October/November 2005, pp. 142-145.

Burge, D. M., “Preservation Q&A,” Scrapbook Retailer, Vol. 5, December 2003/January 2004, pp. 122-125.

Burge, D. M., “Preservation Q&A,” Scrapbook Retailer, Vol. 4, October/November 2003, pp. 133-138.

Burge, D. M., “Preservation Q&A,” Scrapbook Retailer, Vol. 3, August/September 2003, pp. 135-139.

Burge, D. M., “Preservation Q&A,” Scrapbook Retailer, Vol. 2, June/July 2003, pp. 127-131.

Burge, D. M., “The Lowdown on Lignin-Free,” CNA, Vol. 56, No. 676, June 2000, pp. 48-51.

Burge, D. M., “Toward Standardization in the Scrapbook Industry,” CNA, Vol. 55, No. 664, June 1999, pp. 104-105.

Burge, D. M., “Just What Is the Photographic Activity Test?” Picture Framing Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1996, pp. 10-12.

Image Permanence Institute

"Summary of Activities at IPI--1993," Topics in Photographic Preservation, Vol. 6, compiled by R. E. Siegel, (Washington, DC: American Institute for Conservation, Photographic Materials Group, 1995) pp. 125-126.

Reilly, J. M., "A Summary of Recent Research at the Image Permanence Institute (1992)," Topics in Photographic Preservation, Vol. 5, compiled by R. E. Siegel, (Washington, DC: American Institute for Conservation, Photographic Materials Group, 1993) pp.52-59.

Adelstein, P. Z. and J. M. Reilly, "The Image Permanence Institute: New Preservation Resource," Inform, October 1987, pp.37-39.